Japanese Grammar Quiz

These questions and answers are also posted on the Facebook page “Japanese Audio Lessons.”

Question # 1: “Kore vs. Koko”
Michi (the way). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
Michi (the way). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
Riding on the shinkansen, you arrive in a new city.  Turning to the person next to you, you want to say “This is Osaka.”
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1. これは大阪です。 (kore wa oosaka desu)
2. ここは大阪です。 (koko wa oosaka desu)
Answer to Question # 1
Question # 2:  “Ookii vs. Hiroi”
You are impressed with the size of your friend’s apartment.   You want to say “the apartment is big, huh.”
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  アパートが広いですね。(apaato ga hiroi desu ne)
2.  アパートが大きいですね。(apaato ga ookii desu ne)
Answer to Question # 2
Question # 3: “Ga vs. No vs. Ja”
A lot of younger people in Japan don’t have cars.  Referring to them, you want to say “people without cars always ride the train.”
Which of the following 3 Japanese sentences is correct?
1. 車がない人はいつも電車に乗ります。 (kuruma ga nai hito wa itsumo densha ni norimasu)
2. 車じゃないひとはいつも電車に乗ります。 (kuruma ja nai hito wa itsumo densha ni norimasu)
3. 車のない人は(いつも電車に乗ります。 (kuruma no nai hito wa itsumo densha ni norimasu)
Answer to Question # 3
Question # 4: “Omoimasu vs. Omotte imasu”
Kaze (wind). Calligraphy by Noriko Lake
Kaze (wind). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
Referring to your mother, who is visiting you in Japan but is absent at the moment, you want to say “Mother thinks Japanese prices are high.”
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1. 母は日本の物価が高いと思います。 (haha wa nihon no bukka ga takai to omoimasu)
2. 母は日本の物価が高いと思っています。 (haha wa nihon no bukka ga takai to omotte imasu)
Answer to Question # 4
Question # 5:  “Imasu vs. Arimasu when using Transitive and Intransitive Verbs”
You’re feeling a little warm.  You notice that the window is closed and suspect that your friend closed it.  You want to say, “The window is closed (by someone).”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct in this situation?
1. 窓が閉めてあります (mado ga shimete arimasu)
2. 窓が閉めています (mado ga shimete imasu)
3.  窓が閉まっています (mado ga shimatte imasu)
4.  窓が閉まってあります(mado ga shimatte arimasu)
Answer to Question # 5
Question # 6: “The particle to use when writing ON something”
You want to say “I wrote my name on the paper.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  紙を名前を書きました。(kami o namae o kakimashita)
2.  紙で名前を書きました。(kami de namae o kakimashita)
3.  紙に名前を書きました。(kami ni namae o kakimashita)
4.  紙へ名前を書きました。(kami e namae o kakimashita)
Answer to Question # 6
Question # 7: “Chikai and Chikaku”
Haru (Spring, sosho style). Calligraphy by Noriko Lake
Haru (Spring, sosho style). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
You are telling your friend about an interesting museum you visited.  You want to say “it’s close to Kyoto.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  京都に近いです。(kyouto ni chikai desu)
2.  京都の近いです。(kyouto no chikai desu)
3.  京都に近くです。(kyouto ni chikaku desu)
4.  京都の近くです。(kyouto no chikaku desu)
Answer to Question # 7
Question # 8: “Dore and Dochira”
You are asking your friend what sort of drink she likes.  You want to say “beer vs. wine, which do you like?”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  ビールとワインとどれが好きですか。 (biiru to wain to, dore ga suki desu ka)
2.  ビールとワインとどれの方が好きですか。(biiru to wain to, dore no hoo ga suki desu ka)
3.  ビールとワインとどちらが好きですか。(biiru to wain to, dochira ga suki desu ka)
4.  ビールとワインとどちらの方が好きですか。(biiru to wain to, dochira no hoo ga suki desu ka)
Answer to Question # 8
Question # 9: “Ni vs. De Before Verbs”
You want to say “There’s a meeting in this room.”
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  この部屋に会議があります (kono heya ni kaigi ga arimasu)
2.  この部屋で会議があります (kono heya de kaigi ga arimasu)
Answer to Question # 9
Question # 10: “Koto and Mono”
Sho (writing). Calligraphy by Noriko Lake
Sho (writing). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
You want to say, “I’d like to go to France one time and see.”  You’ve been dreaming about visiting France for awhile, and you want to put some emotion into your statement.
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1. フランスに一度行って見たいことです (furansu ni ichido itte mitai koto desu).
2.  フランスに一度行って見たいものです (furansu ni ichido itte mitai mono desu).
Answer to Question # 10
Question # 11: “Using the Particle ‘o’ before Suru”
You want to say, “I study the Japanese language every day.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  毎日日本語の勉強をします (mainichi nihongo no benkyoo o shimasu).
2.  毎日日本語の勉強します (mainichi nihongo no benkyoo shimasu).
3.  毎日日本語を勉強をします (mainichi nihongo o benkyoo o shimasu).
4.  毎日日本語を勉強します (mainichi nihongo o benkyoo shimasu).
Answer to Question # 11
Question # 12: “Ooi, Oozei and Sukunai”
You want to say, “A lot of people came.”
Which of the following 5 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  多い人が来ました (ooi hito ga kimashita).
2.  人が多い来ました (hito ga ooi kimashita).
3.  多くの人が来ました (ooku no hito ga kimashita).
4.  大勢の人が来ました (oozei no hito ga kimashita).
5.  人が大勢来ました (hito ga oozei kimashita).
Answer to Question # 12
Question # 13:  “When or If’”
Hito (person). Calligraphy by Noriko Lake
Hito (person). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
You want to say, “When or if there is time, please come to my home.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   時間があると家に来てください (jikan ga aru to uchi ni kite kudasai).
2.   時間があったら家に来てください (jikan ga attara uchi ni kite kudasai).
3.   時間があれば家に来てください (jikan ga areba uchi ni kite kudasai).
4.   時間がある時家に来てください (jikan ga aru toki uchi ni kite kudasai).
Answer to Question # 13
Question # 14:  “Hajimete”
You encounter a Japanese festival while walking through town.  Your friend asks you, 日本のお祭りを見たことがありますか (nihon no omatsuri o mita koto ga arimasu ka) = “have you ever seen a Japanese festival?”  You say, いいえ、ありません (iie, arimasen) = “no, I haven’t.”
Now you want to say, “this is my first time.”  (to see a Japanese festival)
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  初めてです (hajimete desu).
2.  これが初めてです (kore ga hajimete desu).
3.  今度が初めてです (kondo ga hajimete desu).
4.  この時が初めてです (kono toki ga hajimete desu).
Answer to Question # 14
Question # 15:  “Because”
You want to say, “Because I drank too much, the head hurts.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   飲みすぎたので頭が痛い (nomisugita node atama ga itai).
2.   飲みすぎたから頭が痛い (nomisugita kara atama ga itai).
3.   飲みすぎたで頭が痛い (nomisugita de atama ga itai).
4.   飲みすぎて頭が痛い (nomisugite atama ga itai).
Answer to Question # 15
Question # 16:  “He did it for me”
Tenka (world, nation). Calligraphy by Noriko Lake
Tenka (world, nation). Calligraphy by Noriko Ura
You want to say, “My friend bought a book for me.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   友達が私に本を買いました (tomodachi ga watashi ni hon o kaimashita).
2.   友達が私に本を買ってあげました (tomodachi ga watashi ni hon o katte agemashita).
3.   友達が私に本を買ってくれました (tomodachi ga watashi ni hon o katte kuremashita).
4.   友達が私に本を買ってくださいました (tomodachi ga watashi ni hon o katte kudasaimashita).
Answer to Question # 16
Question # 17:  “He did it for me, part 2″
Just as you did in Question 16, you want to say, “My friend bought a book for me.”
In Question 16, you expressed this idea by using a VERB OF GIVING, くれる (kureru).  This time, please try to say this in a different way, using a VERB OF RECEIVING.
Which of the following three Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   友達が本を買ってもらいました (tomodachi ga hon o katte moraimashita).
2.   友達に本を買ってもらいました (tomodachi ni hon o katte moraimashita).
3.   友達から本を買ってもらいました (tomodachi kara hon o katte moraimashita).
Answer to question # 17
Question # 18:  “Since”
You want to say, “Since you came to Japan, how many years will become?”  (meaning, “how many years have passed ?”)
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   日本に来てから何年になりますか (nihon ni kite kara nan nen ni narimasu ka).
2.   日本に来た後で何年になりますか (nihon ni kita ato de nan nen ni narimasu ka).
Answer to Question # 18
Question # 19:  “You don’t have to”
You want to say, “You don’t have to go.”  Which of the following 6 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  行かなくてもいいです (ikanakutemo ii desu).
2.  行かないならいいです (ikanai nara ii desu).
3.   行くことはありません (iku koto wa arimasen).
4.  行かなければいいです (ikanakereba ii desu).
5.  行かなかったらいいです (ikanakattara ii desu).
6.  行かないといいです (ikanai to ii desu).
Answer to Question # 19
Question # 20:  “I wish I could”
You want to say, “I wish I could go.”  Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  行けるといいけど (ikeru to ii kedo).
2.  行けた らいいけど (iketara ii kedo).
3.  行ければいいけど (ikereba ii kedo).
4.  行って もいいけど (itte mo ii kedo).
Answer to Question # 20
Question # 21:  “Expressing Regret”
You want to say, “I should have gone to the party” or “it would have been better if I had gone to the party.”  Which of the following 5 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  パーティーに行けばよかった (paatii ni ikeba yokatta).
2.   パーティーに行ったらよかった (paatii ni ittara yokatta).
3.   パーティーに行ったならよかった (paatii ni itta nara yokatta).
4.   パーティーに行くとよかった  (paatii ni iku to yokatta).
5.   パーティーに行ってよかった (paatii ni itte yokatta) .
Answer to Question # 21
Question # 22.  “Noni”
You want to say, “I wish it wouldn’t rain” or “if only it wouldn’t rain.”
Which of the following 5 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   雨が降らなければいいのに (ame ga furanakereba ii noni).
2.   雨が降らなかったらいいのに (ame ga furanakattara ii noni).
3.   雨が降らないといいのに (ame ga furanai to ii noni).
4.   雨が降らないならいいのに (ame ga furanai nara ii noni).
5.   雨が降らなくていいのに (ame ga furanakute ii noni).
Answer to Question # 22
Question # 23.  “Ato and Go”
You want to say, “I will return in 2 weeks.”
Which of the following 6 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   後二週間に帰ります (ato nishuukan ni kaerimasu).
2.   後二週間で帰ります (ato nishuukan de kaerimasu).
3.   二週間後に帰ります (nishuukan ato ni kaerimasu).
4.   二週間後で帰ります (nishuukan ato de kaerimasu).
5.   二週間後に帰ります (nishuukan go ni kaerimasu).
6.   二週間後で帰ります (nishuukan go de kaerimasu).
Answer to Question # 23
Question 24. “Reporting an Experience”
You hear a noise coming from outside your apartment. You want to say, “I hear a sound.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1. 音を聞きます (oto o kikimasu).
2. 音を聞いています (oto o kiite imasu).
3. 音が聞こえます (oto ga kikoemasu).
4. 音が聞こえています (oto ga kikoete imasu).
Answer to Question # 24
Question 25.  “Sugiru”
You have only eaten a few bites, but your friend has already finished his meal.  You want to say, “You eat too fast.”
Which of the following 3 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.    早すぎる食べます (hayasugiru tabemasu).
2.    早すぎに食べます  (hayasugi ni tabemasu).
3.    早く食べすぎます (hayaku tabesugimasu).
Answer to Question # 25
Question 26. “Ni vs. De before Desu”
You want to say,” They’re famous in Japan, but they aren’t famous in America.”
Which of the following 2 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   日本では有名ですがアメリカでは有名じゃありません
(nihon de wa yuumei desu ga, amerika de wa yuumei ja arimasen).
2.   日本には有名ですがアメリカには有名じゃありません
(nihon ni wa yuumei desu ga, amerika ni wa yuumei ja arimasen).
Answer to Question # 26
Question 27. “A Noun Seems to Be”
You see an unusual bird in a park and want to say, “It seems to be a duck.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   あひるそうです (ahiru soo desu).
2.   あひるようです (ahiru yoo desu).
3.   あひるらしいです (ahiru rashii desu).
4.   あひる見たいです (ahiru mitai desu).
Answer to Question # 27
Question 28. “Seems NOT to Be”
You see a bird in the park, and you want to say, “It seems NOT to be a duck.”
Which of the following 5 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.   あひるじゃないそうです (ahiru ja nai soo desu).
2.  あひるじゃなさそうです (ahiru ja nasa soo desu).
3.   あひるじゃないようです (ahiru ja nai yoo desu).
4.   あひるじゃないらしいです (ahiru ja nai rashii desu).
5.   あひるじゃないみたいです (ahiru ja nai mitai desu).
Answer to Question # 28
Question 29. “Seems to be Expensive”
You want to say, “That car seems to be expensive.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.    その車は高いそうです (sono kuruma wa takai soo desu).
2.   その車は高いようです (sono kuruma wa takai yoo desu).
3.    その車は高いらしいです (sono kuruma wa takai rashii desu).
4.    その車は高いみたいです (sono kuruma wa takai mitai desu).
Answer to Question # 29
Question 30. “Doesn’t Seem that It Will Happen”
You want to say, “It doesn’t seem that it will rain.”
Which of the following 6 Japanese sentences are correct?
1.    雨は降りそうじゃない (ame wa furi soo ja nai).
2.    雨は降りそうもない (ame wa furi soo mo nai).
3.    雨は降りそうにない (ame wa furi soo ni nai).
4.    雨は降るようじゃない (ame wa  furu yoo ja nai).
5.    雨は降るらしいじゃない (ame wa furu rashii ja nai).
6.    雨は降降るみたいじゃない (ame wa furu mitai ja nai).
Answer to Question # 30
Question 31. “Using ‘Seeming’ as an Adjective”
You want to say, “It’s an expensive-seeming car.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.    高そうな車だ (takasoo na kuruma da).
2.    高いような車だ (takai yoo na kuruma da).
3.    高いらしいな車だ (takai rashii na kuruma da).
4.    高いみたいな車だ (takai mitai na kuruma da).
Answer to Question # 31
Question 32. “I want”
You want to say, “I want to sleep a little more.”
Which of the following 3 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.    もう少し寝てほしいです (moo sukoshi nete hoshii desu).
2.    もう少し寝ることがほしいです (moo sukoshi neru koto ga hoshii desu).
3.    もう少し寝たいです (moo sukoshi netai desu).
Answer to Question # 32
Question 33. “A lot of things”
You want to say, “I’m learning a lot of things.”
Which of the following 4 Japanese sentences is correct?
1.  たくさんのことを習っています。(takusan no koto o naratte imasu).
2.  たくさんのものを習っています。(takusan no mono o naratte imasu).
3.  いろいろなことを習っています。(iroiro na koto o naratte imasu).
4.  いろいろなものを習っています。(iroiro na mono o naratte imasu).
Answer to Question # 33
Question 34. “I shouldn’t have”
You want to say, “I shouldn’t have gone to Tokyo.”
Which of the following 8 Japanese sentences are correct?
1.  東京に行くんじゃなかった。(tookyoo ni ikun ja nakatta)
2.  東京に行くのじゃなかった。(tookyoo ni iku no ja nakatta)
3.  東京に行くじゃなかった。(tookyoo ni iku ja nakatta)
4.  東京に行かなければよかった。(tooyoo ni ikanakereba yokatta)
5.  東京に行かなかったらよかった。(tookyoo ni ikanakattara yokatta)
6.  東京に行かなかったならよかった。(tookyoo ni ikanakatta nara yokatta)
7.  東京に行かなかったとよかった。(tookyoo ni ikanakatta to yokatta)
8.  東京に行くべきじゃなかった。(tookyoo ni iku beki ja nakatta)
Answer to Question # 34
Question 35. “Finish”
You want to say, “Please finish the work.”  Which of the following 6 answers is correct?
1.  仕事を終わってください。 (shigoto o owatte kudasai)
2.  仕事を終えてください。(shigoto o oete kudasai)
3.  仕事を仕上げてください。(shigoto o shiagete kudasai)
4.  仕事を仕上がってください。(shigoto o shiagatte kudasai)
5.  仕事を済ませてください。 (shigoto o sumasete kudasai)
6.  仕事を済ましてください。 (shigoto o sumashite kudasai)
Answer to Question # 35
Question 36. “Ippai”
You haven’t finished the food on your plate.
You want to say, “I got full.”  Which of the following 2 answers is correct?
1.  お腹がいっぱくなった (onaka ga ippaku natta).
2.  お腹が一杯になった (onaka ga ippai ni natta).
Answer to Question # 36
Question 37. “As Expected”
You’ve just eaten some left-over food that had been stored in the refrigerator for 3 days.
Now you want to say, “As expected, it wasn’t delicious.”  Which of the following 3 answers is correct?
1.  やっぱりおいしくなかった (yappari, oishikunakatta).
2.  思ったとおりおいしくなかった (omotta toori, oishikunakatta).
3.  さすがにおいしくなかった (sasuga ni, oishikunakatta).
Answer to Question # 37
Question 38. “Difficult”
A man is digging a ditch, and you stop to talk to him.
You want to say, “That work is probably difficult, huh.” In this situation, which of the following three sentences is correct?
1. その仕事は難しいでしょうね (sono shigoto wa muzukashii deshoo ne).
2. その仕事は大変でしょうね (sono shigoto wa taihen deshoo ne).
3. その仕事はきつそうですね (sono shigoto wa kitsusoo desu ne).
Answer to Question # 38
Question 39. “Welcome”
A friend comes to your apartment.
You want to say “Welcome.” In this situation, which of the following four phrases is correct?
1. よくいらっしゃいました (yoku irasshaimashita).
2. いらっしゃい (irasshai).
3. いらっしゃいませ (irasshaimase).
4. よくいらっしゃい (yoku irasshai).
Answer to Question # 39
Question 40. “You’re right”
It’s Mother’s Day. Your friend, who happens to be a mother, reaches for another piece of candy and, to justify this action, says 母の日だから (haha no hi dakara) = “since it’s Mother’s Day.”
In response, you want to say something encouraging, like “You’re right.” Which of the following possible responses would be appropriate?
1. もちろん (mochiron)
2. そうですよね(soo desu yo ne)
3. 正しいです(tadashii desu)
4. どうぞ(doozo)
5. やっぱり(yappari)
6. そうなんですけど(soo nan desu kedo)
Answer to Question # 40

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