Japanese language training can be frustrating and a little intimidating. When you listen to these audio lessons, try to relax. Don’t worry too much about the transcript and the grammar guides. Those written materials are available to help you when issues arise, but just try to focus on whatever question you are being asked to answer in the moment. Having said that, it makes sense to scan the transcript and the Grammar Guide for useful clues before you start each lesson.
The transcript from the beginning of Lesson 1 is shown below. Please begin by reading through it. The information in parentheses is explanatory material found only in the transcript; you will not hear this content voiced in the audio lesson.
Next click on the audio link that follows the transcript. The lesson should start. After you hear the first question in English, pause playback. Take as much time as you need to think about the question. It’s OK to refer to the transcript if you need help with the answer. Then say your answer out loud.
Next resume playback in order to hear the correct answer. After listening to this answer, pause playback again. Compare the correct answer to the answer you said out loud. If you wish, repeat your answer, trying to match your pronunciation to that of the Japanese speaker. When you are ready, resume playback again to move on to the next question.
Abbreviated transcript for Lesson 1:
1. Please show the passport. Use the te or de form of the verb.
Pasupooto wo misete kudasai.
(wo is used to show that the preceding term is a direct object) (some verbs have te forms, and others have de forms; misete is the ‘te’ form of the plain speech verb miseru = to show) (kudasai = ‘please’; kudasai is often preceded by the te or de form of a verb. Kudasai is the imperative form of kudasaru, a polite verb meaning ‘to honorably give,’ used when a person outside your in-group gives to you or to someone in your in-group. So this sentence could also be understood as ‘show the passport and honorably give,’ or ‘show the passport for me, would you?’)
2. Yes. In this context, this means ‘OK’ or ‘here you go.’
3. It’s Michael Webb, huh.
Maikeru Uebbu san desu ne.
(san is an honorific term, similar to ‘Mr.’ or ‘Ms.,’ used after another person’s name) (desu means ‘it is’; its plain speech form is da) (ne is translated in these lessons as ‘huh’ or ‘right?’)
4. Yeah. It’s so.
Ee. Sou desu.
5. Is it sightseeing, is it work? In this lesson, use kankou to mean sightseeing.
Kankou desu ka shigoto desu ka.
(cf. kenbutsu, also = ‘sightseeing’; cf. kankoku = ‘S. Korea’) (‘cf.’ means ‘compare’) (You will occasionally find suggested mnemonics in this transcript, written in italics. Here’s one for kankou: ‘sightseers will see canned corn‘) (ka is used to indicate ‘question mark’)
6. It isn’t sightseeing. It’s work. Use ja.
Kankou ja arimasen. Shigoto desu.
(Ja is the short form of dewa, used in the phrase dewa arimasen = ja arimasen = ‘something is not something else’; for example, ano hito wa baabarasan ja arimasen = ano hito wa baabarasan dewa arimasen = ‘as for that person over there, it is not Barbara.’) (Arimasu = the masu form of the plain speech verb aru = to exist. The masu form is more polite than the plain speech form. Arimasen is the negative form of arimasu; by itself, it means ‘doesn’t exist.’ However,when arimasen is combined with ja or dewa, its meaning changes from ‘it doesn’t exist’ to ‘it isn’t something else.’)
7. Please open the suitcase.
Suutsukeesu wo akete kudasai.
(akete is the te form of akeru = ‘open’)
8. Yes, go ahead.
(douzo = ‘go ahead,’ sometimes translated as ‘please’; in this case it means ‘go ahead and look in my suitcase’)
9. As for this, what is it?
Kore wa nan desu ka.
(kore = ‘this,’ sore = ‘that,’ are = ‘that over there’) (nan = nani = ‘what’) [This sentence illustrates sentence pattern A: it begins with a noun or pronoun followed by wa (indicating a topic and translated as ‘as for’) and then goes on to ask a question about, or make a comment on, this topic. Please see the document Ga vs. Wa for more information. In this sentence, kore is the topic, and the subject is the silent pronoun ‘it.’]
10. Is it medicine?
Kusuri desu ka.
11. No, it isn’t medicine. Use ja.
Iie, kusuri ja arimasen.
12. Well, what is it?
Ja, nan desu ka.
(ja and dewa can also mean ‘well’)
13. It’s honey.
14. Show me please. ‘Me’ is understood.
Now please click on the red link just below this sentence, to hear the audio track for this portion of Lesson 1: